Número 119
Mayo - Agosto 2007
ISSN 0041 8633
Boletín Mexicano de Derecho Comparado Número  119

CONCEPTO DE DEMOCRACIA Y SISTEMA DE GOBIERNO EN AMÉRICA LATINA

Jorge CARPIZO*

In this article, the author comments and examines the different aspects linked with the debate on the advantages and disadvantages of two different forms of government: presidential government and parliamentarian government. First, the author makes an approximation to the central issues of the debate, which, since he describes in his essay, has occupied and worried in the last decades in Latin America. Later, he examines the critiques that have been done to the presidential system in the above-mentioned region, later to centre his attention on the reasons of why the presidential system must be preserved in the above mentioned region, though with reforms that rationalize and balance it. The author focus the discussion to the area of democracy, by virtue of the reasoning according to which, the guide for any attempt of reform or constitutional renovation of the State´s institutions must be the conservation and the strengthening of the democratic stability of the Latin-American nations.

Descriptors: Forms of government, presidential system, parliamentary system, democracy.

* Investigador emérito y ex rector de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Presidente del Instituto Iberoamericano de Derecho Constitucional. Agradezco a los investigadores y colegas Diego Valadés y Edgar Corzo la lectura de este ensayo y sus importantes sugerencias. Cualquier error que el mismo pueda contener es responsabilidad exclusiva del autor. Asimismo, agradezco al doctorante José Luis Garza Rodríguez la colaboración bibliográfica que me prestó, a la maestra Eugenia Lizalde la revisión final del manuscrito, y a mi secretaria, la señora Isabel Cacho, la transcripción definitiva del artículo.

* Nota: Debido que la traducción es automática podrá ser inexacta o contener errores.